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The Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC), operated by the European Commission in Brussels, is the operational heart of the Community Mechanism for Civil Protection.
RubrikUnfallverhütung zurück
ThemaBhopal5 Beiträge
AutorKlau8s B8., Isernhagen / Nds525833
Datum04.12.2008 07:54      MSG-Nr: [ 525833 ]4533 x gelesen
  • 04.12.08 Google hilft: Der Vorfall ausführlicher in Deutsch...

  • Hallo Freunde,

    voreiniger Zeit wurde hier die Katastrophe von BHOPAL/Indien angesprochen.

    Heute fand ich einen Bericht, wie es durch Dummheit, Inkompetenz und falscher Planung kommen konnte.

    Ich finde dieses Beispiel so interessant, dass ich es einfach mal einspiele, Es ist in englischer Sprache, man möge es mir vergeben.


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    Für den Inhalt einer Nachricht ist der jeweilige Verfasser verantwortlich !

    TODAY @WW de:N0KFQ 03.12.08 17:28 5 4563 Bytes
    Today in History - Dec 3
    *** Bulletin-ID: 30861_N0KFQ ***

    Read: 2
    Path: !N0KFQ
    Sent: 081203/0504Z @:N0KFQ.#SWMO.MO.USA.NA #:30861 [Branson] FBB7.00i $:30861_N

    To : TODAY@WW

    December 3, 1984
    Explosion kills 2,000 at pesticide plant

    An explosion at a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India,
    on this day in 1984, leads to the worst industrial accident in
    history. At least 2,000 people died and another 200,000 were
    injured when toxic gas enveloped the city.

    Bhopal was a city of nearly a million people in India’s Madhya
    Pradesh region between New Dehli and Bombay. The Union Carbide
    pesticide plant was located in Jai Prakash Nagar, a particularly
    poor area of the impoverished city. Later, some critics charged
    that these factors were part of the reason that the plant had
    outdated equipment, lax management and grossly inadequate
    maintenance and safety procedures.

    On Sunday, December 2, the 100 workers on the late shift were in
    the process of making the pesticide Sevin. This involved mixing
    carbon tetrachloride, methyl isocyanate (MIC) and alpha-napthol.
    Over the next 12 hours, a series of astonishing errors led to

    The MIC at the plant was stored in three partially buried
    15,000-gallon tanks. When there was a problem with one of the
    tanks, nitrogen was forced in to extract the MIC. However, on
    this day, the process was not working correctly and both MIC and
    nitrogen were leaking. At about 11:00 p.m., the gauges began to
    indicate a dangerous level of pressure in the tanks, but the
    workers thought the instruments were malfunctioning and took no
    measures to alleviate the problem. By 11:30, the workers in the
    vicinity of the tanks were having a physical reaction to the
    leak, a feeling that many were familiar with because it happened
    with some frequency. Even then, Shakil Qureshi, the supervisor,
    decided to wait until after a tea break to look into the
    situation. By then, it was too late, and panic ensued as an
    explosion rocked the plant at approximately 12:15 a.m.

    Firefighters attempted in vain to use a curtain of water to stop
    the gas from escaping the plant. The gas simply flowed over the
    top of the water. A piece of equipment called a vent gas
    scrubber, intended to prevent toxic gas from spreading,
    completely failed to operate. In the midst of the chaos, the
    drivers of the emergency buses ran away instead of driving the
    workers to safety. Even worse, the plant failed to inform local
    authorities immediately, later claiming that the phones weren’t

    People living in the vicinity of the plant were close enough to
    hear the alarms but ignored them on December 3 because alarms at
    the plant were so frequent. The cold weather that evening kept
    the gas close to the ground as it silently swept through Bhopal.
    Anyone who was already weak or frail was affected most seriously.
    Exposure to the gas caused vomiting and difficulty breathing.
    When the gas hit the train station, stampedes resulted as people
    tried to outrun it. Victims flooded the area hospitals, which
    were not prepared for the onslaught. The best and most effective
    treatment was a simple wet cloth over the face, but virtually
    none of the medical personnel dispensed this information.

    An exact casualty count was impossible to determine in the
    aftermath of this disaster but most estimates place the death
    toll at over 2,000. An estimated 200,000 people were affected in
    some way by exposure to the gas. Some were blinded; others
    experienced serious sleep or digestion problems following the
    disaster. About 10-20 percent of those exposed were still
    suffering serious problems, such as memory loss and nerve damage,
    a year later.

    When Union Carbide officials arrived in India following the
    Bhopal disaster, they were arrested. None were convicted, despite
    evidence suggesting that management was substantially negligent
    in the management of the plant.

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     04.12.2008 07:54 Klau7s B7., Isernhagen
     04.12.2008 19:07 Marc7o H7., Loiching
     04.12.2008 19:15 Klau7s B7., Isernhagen
     04.12.2008 21:11 Marc7o H7., Loiching
     04.12.2008 20:24 Jens7 R.7, Bremervörde


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